Resource Definition

Wilderness areas are designated by Congress and are special places where the earth and interconnected communities of life have been left relatively undisturbed, Federal lands are inventoried by land agencies (BLM and USFS) to determine if an area possess wilderness characteristics, and if so, the findings are submitted to Congress for consideration of official designation.

Who controls or influences the resource the most?

Federal wilderness designation is a legislative action by Congress that typically follows a comprehensive inventory and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) planning process. In general terms, wilderness designation begins with the adoption of agency planning documents.